37 Full PDFs related to this paper. climate. Food insecurity refers to uncertain or inadequate access to food due to financial constraints. The adult-equivalent income and expenditure of cooperative members are statistically different from the nonmembers during 2009 and 2010 (P<0.05). This article evaluates the impact of the adoption of improved wheat varieties on food security using a recent nationally-representative dataset of over 2000 farm households in Ethiopia. • How they design and deliver advice/support to their target beneficiaries; Abebaw et al. According to ACAPS (2018), food security situation in Ethiopia remain acute in 2018 with the reduced output of 2017 harvests, decreased food … The situation of chronically food insecure people is becoming more and more severe. Thesis (M.P.P.) PDF | A significant amount of research has been conducted on food security in Ethiopia, yet few reviews and syntheses are available. In Ethiopia, food insecurity is predominantly chronic in its nature; with the exception of particular crisis periods due to recurrent drought. Serious food shortages and high levels of malnutrition continue to affect a large number of people in several parts of Ethiopia still today. This thesis examines the relationship between post-secondary student status and household food insecurity. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTERS OF SCIENCE (INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS) Addis Ababa University Addis Ababa, Ethiopia October, 2012 . Livelihood & Food Security Conceptual Framework • 4. transform it into energy for daily activities or to store it for future energy needs. Household diets in Ethiopia remain subjected to significant seasonal stress. Youth Perspectives on Migration, Poverty and the Precarious Future of Farming in Rural Ethiopia. By KEMERIA BARSENGA KEDIR Submitted in part fulfilment of the requirements For the degree of MASTER IN HUMAN ECOLOGY At the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA SUPERVISOR: F.T TABIT May, 2015 . Maize became increasingly important in the food security of Ethiopia following the major drought and famine that occurred in 1984. Good governance, at all levels, is central to growth, poverty alleviation, and food security” (Monsod, 2002: 167).Therefore, this indicates that policies, rules, and regulations made by the ruling party play a great role in bringing food security. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. HDDS and food security measured using energy intake do not always agree. Thesis code: DEC-80436 . Food insecurity is neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for violent conflict. What has been the impact of the resilience agenda on the role of NGOs as information intermediaries and knowledge brokers in sub-Saharan Africa? households during pre- and post-harvest seasons. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT . Conclusions: ETHIOPIA. Drought insurance in Ethiopia 40 Box 3. Ethiopia is one of the most food insecure countries in Sub Saharan Africa, mainly due to shortage of rainfall, plant diseases, pests and poor governances. Chronic food insecurity is a condition affecting the population that usually experiences food shortage even when weather and … ; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. The result indicated considerable variation between the two seasons in terms of dietary diversity and food security. We analyze the socially differentiated dynamics of youth migration from rural to urban areas and how this impacts livelihoods, family life, and access to food in rural communities. Historical and more recent climate-related events such as the 2008/2009 and 2011 food security crises in the Horn of Africa have highlighted the impact of droughts and floods on food production, access to markets, and income from agricultural activities. Volatile market prices, poor soil conditions, declining land size, limited employment opportunities as well as the way individuals and communities prepare for and confront these challenges, are critical for understanding the geographic inequality of rural areas. food security in bona-zuria woreda, sidama zone, southern ethiopia msc thesis tizita damtew hawassa univhawassa university college of agriculture hawassa, ethiopia februayry, 2017 . The inter-time comparison method indicates that there are statistically significant difference in per adult-expenditure and-income of the members before and after joining the cooperatives (P<0.05). Effects of Climate Shocks on Household Food Security in rural Ethiopia: Panel Data Estimation. (2010) studied the impact of food security program on household food consumption in two villages of the Amhara region in the North-western part of Ethiopia using propensity-score matching. impact on food security by creating laziness, food aid dependency and low food production since the source of food it offers is easier to come by than that by production. Specialization: Economics, Environment and Governance . (2013), determined Preferably, HDDS and energy intake data should be used together to assess food security. 2.2.1 Availability The first dimension is the availability. However, the food consumption expenditure and the probability of food security reach diminishing return at 6 kert (1.5 ha) and 7 kert (1.75 ha), respectively. Ethiopia stands out as a unique case because it has a lower than average urban population in Africa (below 20%), as well as a lower than average urban population within Eastern Africa, and has Africa’s second largest population at 97 million (Central Statistical Agency [CSA], 2011; United Nations, 2014). Thus, the government should give attention for the expansion and diversification of cooperatives in order to join more people and then achieve food security. We adopted endogenous switching regression treatment effects complemented with a binary propensity score matching methodology to test robustness and reduced selection bias stemming from both observed … The study is also vital for policy makers, students and researchers to draw lessons on how cooperative societies reduce food security. The study found that 21% of the members are food insecure while the figure for the nonmembers is 36% (significance difference at P<0.01). You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Developing countries in general and Ethiopia in particular are affected by a growing problem of food insecurity. substantial roles in ensuring food security in the study area through increasing income sources, creating employment, and supplying inputs and consumer goods at reasonable price. i Acknowledgements I take this opportunity to thank all the people who contributed to the work described in this thesis. Millions of individuals and households especially the rural poor are the main victims of the problem. 57). (How) has the architecture and delivery of national and regional climate information systems (from NMHSs to extension agents and other key players) evolved as a result of this scaled-up investment? Degye et al. Households producing more food groups, cultivating larger size of land, having higher household income, keeping more livestock, owning cell phone, having access to cooperatives, and having access to improved drinking water as well as education were more likely to be more food secure across seasons. Future interventions aiming at ensuring food security should pay attention to seasonality and mechanisms of improving diversified food production and household income as well as expanding education opportunities and access to cooperatives, infrastructure (mobile telephone) and sanitation. May 2014 . However, it seems quite challenging in view of the impact of climate change on agriculture, to achieve the goal. Food security situation in Ethiopia: The National Food Security Strategy (FDRE., 1996) reports that as the Ethiopian population grew from 15 million in 1951-55 million during early the 1990s, the production of cereals dropped on per capita basis by more than 25% from … However, Abebaw et al. Food security is highly sensitive to climate risks in Ethiopia. While this is promising in theory, it raises questions about what role NGOs should be playing in promoting of the use of information in a challenging and often contested operational environment. Conclusion Glossary Bibliography Biographical Sketch Summary Food insecurity and hunger are widespread in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Improvements in food security and the eradication of famine will require investment in sustainable projects. Metrics details. B. --Georgetown University, 2011.; Includes bibliographical references. sustainable food security for all. food security crisis in Ethiopia is the fall armyworm outbreak, which affects large parts of the country; especially maize-producing parts of SNNPR, Western Oromia, Amhara, Gambela, and Benshangul Gumuz (ACAPS, 2018; FEWS, NET and WFP, 2018). Prof. Carlo Carraro Candidate Japneet Kaur Matriculation Number 85573 Academic Year 2016 / 2017 . ; impact of climate Shocks on household food insecurity, are probably most influential highlights causes. Much governmental attention for wider policy and practice paper by clicking the button above in rural Ethiopia Panel. As information intermediaries and knowledge brokers in sub-Saharan Africa ( SSA ) up and! Victims of the impact of climate Shocks on household food security outcomes of female-headed in! Households who had access to credit were negatively associated with seasonal food insecurity problem in the security. 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