" He would then be wed to four young women, also chosen in advance and isolated for a full year and treated as goddesses. Tezcatlipoca was an important god in the Aztec religion. Corrections? He was the soul of the world, the creator of sky and earth, the lord of all things, both powerful and arbitrary.  Tezcatlipoca overthrew Quetzalcoatl, forcing him to send a great wind that devastated the world, and the people who survived were turned into monkeys. Most commonly he is shown with horizontal face bands, wearing a heron feather headdress, a loincloth, and knotted sandals with an armband, and tinker bells either around his neck or ankles. Owing to Aztec dualism, Tezcatlipoca was … Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. BASH! PUNCH! Karl Taube and Mary Miller, specialists in Mesoamerican Studies, write that, "More than anything Tezcatlipoca appears to be the embodiment of change through conflict. Tezcatlipoca was one of the most important gods in the Aztec pantheon. Four beautiful girls dressed as goddesses were chosen as his companions. In later myths, the four gods who created the world, Tezcatlipoca, Quetzalcoatl, Huitzilopochtli and Xipe Totec were referred to respectively as the Black, the White, the Blue and the Red Tezcatlipoca. Group Membership: Aztec gods, Council of Godheads. Eighty steps led to a landing twelve or fourteen feet wide. For a summary of Tezcatlipoca's epithets and their significance see Olivier (2003) Chapter 1. Tezcatlipoca was also worshipped in many other Nahua cities such as Texcoco, Tlaxcala and Chalco. This talisman was carved out of abalone shell and depicted on the chest of both Huitzilopochtli and Tezcatlipoca in codex illustrations. Tezcatlipoca (Tez-ca-tlee-POH-ka), whose name means “Smoking Mirror”, was the Aztec god of night and sorcery, as well as the patron deity of Aztec kings and young warriors. "Sacrificial victims mounted the bloody steps of the pyramid with dignity and pride.  Tezcatlipoca is often shown carrying a shield with balls of either feathers or cotton and holding arrows or a spear in his right hand with a fan of feathers surrounding a mirror. Honoring Tezcatlipoca was fundamental to both the priesthood and the nobility. Tezcatlipoca is the God of the Apocalypse, the most powerful entity in the Accelerated World, created specifically for the purpose of ending the world.1 1 Background 2 Appearance 3 Plot Outline 3.1 White Legion Arc 3.1.1 The Sword Sage of the Blue Flower 3.1.2 The God of Demise 4 Characteristics 5 Abilities 6 Trivia 7 References When the Accelerated World was first … In what manner shall I act for the governed, for the vassals (macehualtin)? In one version of the Aztec creation account the myth of the Five Suns, the first creation, "The Sun of the Earth" was ruled by Tezcatlipoca but destroyed by Quetzalcoatl when he struck down Tezcatlipoca who then transformed into a jaguar. Il avait pour épouse la belle Xochiquetzal. De nombreuses divinités créatrices n'étaient en réalité qu'un aspect de ce dieu tout puissant.  Sometimes, slaves were purchased for the ceremony, and in this case, were bathed carefully to erase impurities. He is often shown with his right foot replaced with an obsidian mirror, bone, or a snake—an allusion to the creation myth in which he loses his foot battling with the Earth Monster.  There were several smaller temples dedicated to Tezcatlipoca in the city, among them the ones called "Tlacochcalco" and "Huitznahuatl".  For the next year he lived like a god, wearing expensive jewelry and having eight attendants.  Another common practice was to cover themselves in black soot or ground charcoal while they were involved in priestly activities at the temple or during rituals. Quetzalcoatl replaced him and started the second age of the world and it became populated again.  "For one year he lived a life of honor," the handsome young man "worshipped literally as the embodiment of the deity". To these ends, he sent his loyal emissary Yaotl to watch Izel to ensure there'd be no trickery on Quetzalcoatl's part. Tezcatlipoca (Tez-ca-tlee-POH-ka), dont le nom signifie «miroir fumant», était le dieu aztèque de la nuit et de la sorcellerie, ainsi que la divinité patronne des rois aztèques et des jeunes guerriers.  More on the exact rituals, such as the Feast of Toxcatl will be mentioned later. , Many of the temples now associated with Tezcatlipoca are built facing East-West, as Olivier quotes Felipe Solis: "the sacred building of the war god [Tezcatlipoca] was in direct relation with the movement of the sun, in the same manner of the Great Temple was, their façades being towards the West". Tezcatlipoca was a god of exceptional significance amongst the Aztec pantheon. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: «Smoking Mirror») dieu de la constellation de la Grande Ourse et du ciel nocturne, l'une des principales divinités du panthéon aztèque. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror”) god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky, one of the major deities of the Aztec pantheon. After that, they created the people, and people had to offer sacrifices to comfort Cipactli for her sufferings. He was the god of material things and of night, and was also associated with winds, the earth, magic and war. The Main temple of Tezcatlipoca in Tenochtitlan was located south of the Great Temple. Tezcatlipoca is the Smoking Mirror. Apart from being a creator deity, he also ruled over the modern age.  For Aztec nobility, this "patron deity" is fundamental in the social and natural phenomena justified by religion during this time. Tezcatlipoca was also honoured during the ceremony of the 9th month, when the Miccailhuitontli "Little Feast of the Dead" was celebrated to honour the dead, as well as during the Panquetzaliztli "Raising of Banners" ceremony in the 15th month. For an in depth description and interpretation of the Toxcatl festival see Olivier (2003) Chapter 6. In one of the Aztec accounts of creation, Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca joined forces to create the world. Tezcatlipoca was often described as a rival of another important god of the Aztecs, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl. For I am blind, I am deaf, I am an imbecile, and in excrement, in filth hath my lifetime been... Tezcatlipoca's nagual, his animal counterpart, was the jaguar and his jaguar aspect was the deity Tepeyollotl ("Mountainheart"). • Guilhem Olivier, Mockeries and Metamorphoses of an Aztec god, Tezcatlipoca, "Lord of the Smoking Mirror", 2003, University Press of Colorado A protean wizard, Tezcatlipoca caused the death of many Toltecs by his black magic and induced the virtuous Quetzalcóatl to sin, drunkenness, and carnal love, thus putting an end to the Toltec golden age.  The king would stand "naked, emphasizing his utter unworthiness," speaking as nothing but a vessel for the god's will.  Although there are striking similarities between possible earlier imagery of Tezcatlipoca, archaeologists are split in the debate. Everyone, including commoners, high priests, and the king, were involved in some aspect of the Toxcatl ceremonies.. Tezcatlipoca was often described as a rival of another important god of the Aztecs, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl. For a discussion of the many interpretations of the meaning of the name Tezcatlipoca see Olivier (2003) pp. It was gods like Tezcatlipoca that solidified this notion, representing both the silent wind, and thunderous war. Other representations show Tezcatlipoca with his mirror on his chest. A creator god, Tezcatlipoca ruled over Ocelotonatiuh (“Jaguar-Sun”), the first of the four worlds that were created and destroyed before the present universe. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Tezcatlipoca (Tez-ca-tlee-POH-ka), whose name means “Smoking Mirror”, was the Aztec god of night and sorcery, as well as the patron deity of Aztec kings and young warriors. Tezcatlipoca was one of the most important gods of the Aztecs of central Mexico. Most were sung to praise the highest deities, including Tezcatlipoca, who was often addressed as the "Giver of Life." He is the 9th of the 13 Lords of the Day and is often associated with the rain god Tláloc. There were several priests dedicated to the service of Tezcatlipoca, one of them was probably the one Sahagún calls "huitznahuac teohua omacatl", others were the calmeca teteuctin who were allowed to eat the ritual food offered to Tezcatlipoca, others accompanied the Ixiptlatli impersonator of Tezcatlipoca in the year prior to his execution. Tezcatlipoca is a fictional character appearing in the independent comic book, El Muerto: The Aztec Zombie, created by Javier Hernandez and published under his privately owned imprint, Los Comex.The character, based on the god of the same name from Aztec mythology, made his first appearance in "Daze of the Dead: The Numero Uno Edition" in 1998. He is said to have cooperated with Quetzalcoatl to create the world from the body of the monster Cipactli, losing his foot in the process. The post-Classic (after ad 900) Maya-Quiché people of Guatemala revered him as a lightning god under the name Hurakan (“One Foot”). In the Aztec religion, Tezcatlipoca was an important god. On the appointed feast day, he climbed the steps of a small temple while breaking flutes that he had played. Il fait sonner la Every year at that time the priest selected a young and handsome war prisoner. Identity/Class: Aztec god. His name in the Nahuatl language is often translated as "Smoking Mirror" and alludes to his connection to obsidian, the material from which mirrors were made in Mesoamerica and which were used for shamanic rituals and prophecy. He is the god of the nocturnal sky, god of the ancestral memory, god of time and the Lord of the North, the embodiment of change through conflict. Means `` obsidian '' and was also associated with sacrifice loyal emissary Yaotl to watch Izel ensure! Most were sung to praise the highest deities, including Tezcatlipoca, ( Miroir Fumant ) était... 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