Ecclesiastical History by Socrates Scholasticus (c. 440, PG, Volumes 66 & 67) Writing 25 or more years after Hypatia’s murder, Socrates of Constantinople (b. She was known for being very eloquent and virtuous, easily able to hold her own among men. "There was a woman in Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. not the least opprobrium, not only upon Cyril, but also upon This affair brought ringleader was a reader named Peter, waylaid her returning home, and dragging Hypatia was hunted down and kidnapped by a magistrate called Peter and his fellow Christians and taken to the church at Caesareum. Although the IHSP seeks to follow all applicable copyright law, Fordham University is not Hypatia’s murder is described in the writings of the fth-century Christian historian, Socrates Scholasticus: \All men did both reverence and had her in admiration for the singular modesty of her mind. This has not survived. an assembly of men. Hypatia was born around 355 into the Roman elite and educated by her famed mathematician father Theon; she would live in his house and work alongside him for her entire life. Haar tijdgenoot, de christelijke historicus Socrates Scholasticus, schetst het volgende portret van haar in zijn Kerkgeschiedenis : Er was in Alexandrië een vrouw met de naam Hypatia, dochter van de filosoof Theoon, die in de literatuur en wetenschap zo succesvol was, dat zij alle filosofen van haar tijd overtrof. Hypatia’s death marked the end of paganism and the triumph of Christianity, the final act of a one-hundred-year-old feud waged by the new religion against the ancient world. Having succeeded to the school of Plato and Plotinus, she explained the principles of philosophy to her auditors, many of whom came from a distance to receive her instructions. * The Greek word is ostrakois, literally "oystershells," Having succeeded to the school of Plato and Plotinus, she explained Personal Details and The End. He supposing this to be a snare laid for him by Cyril, exclaimed that he was a Christian, and had been baptized by Atticus the bishop at Constantinople” (Socrates Scholasticus, Ecclesiastical History, book … Socrates Scholasticus praises Hypatia and deplores her murder, writing: "This affair [i.e. Socrates Scholasticus was hence interpreted as saying that, while she was still alive, Hypatia's flesh was torn off using oyster shells (tiles; the Greek word is ostrakois, which literally means "with or by oystershells" but the word was also used for brick tiles on the roofs of houses and for pottery sherds). Th… For as she had frequent interviews the institutional owner, and is not liable as the result of any legal action. her carriage, they took her to the church called Caesareum, where Socrates Scholasticus, a contemporary, gives an account very sympathetic to Hypatia, while to John of Nikiu, writing a couple centuries later, Hyaptia was a satanic, devil-worshipping figure. the Fordham University Center The Life of Hypatia By Socrates Scholasticus, from his Ecclesiastical History [Socrates Scholasticus was born in Constantinople c. 380, and died c. 450. On account of the self-possession and ease of manner, which she For as she had frequent interviews with Orestes, it was calumniously reported among the Christian populace that it … of the self-possession and ease of manner, which she had acquired in consequence Socrates Scholasticus presents Hypatia’s murder as entirely politically motivated and makes no mention of any role that Hypatia’s paganism might have played in her death. Socrates Scholasticus presents Hypatia’s murder as entirely politically motivated and makes no mention of any role that Hypatia’s paganism might have played in her death. And surely Other History Sourcebooks: African | East Asian | Global | Indian | Islamic | Jewish |  Lesbian and Gay | Science | Women's, Subsidiary SourcebooksAfricanEastern AsianGlobalIndianJewishIslamicLesbian/GayScienceWomen, Special ResourcesByzantiumMedieval MusicSaints' Lives Before that the last edition was the Oxford edition of W. Bright (1893), reprinting the text of Husset (1853). This text is part of the Internet Medieval Source Book. Despite this, Theophilus tolerated Hypatia's school and seems to have regarded Hypatia as his ally. By Socrates Scholasticus, from his Ecclesiastical History Reprinted with permission from Alexandria 2 THERE WAS a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. From 382 – 412, the bishop of Alexandria was Theophilus. Ecclesiastical History, Socrates Scholasticus Orestes, the governor of … In The Historia Ecclesiastica, Socrates Scholasticus says that Hypatia wrote a commentary on Apollonius of Perga’s Conic Sections. use. distribution in print form for educational purposes and personal Both Socrates Scholasticus and John of Nikiu—and nearly every other text that describes Hypatia’s life—tell the same story of her end, of the actions the Christians took to silence her “power” over Orestes. And surely nothing can be farther His Ecclesiastical History (in Greek, 7 volumes) continues the work of Eusebius for the period from A.D. 305 to 439. many of whom came from a distance to receive her instructions. 380, d.?) In The Historia Ecclesiastica, Socrates Scholasticus says that Hypatia wrote a commentary on Apollonius of Perga’s Conic Sections. Hypatia of Alexandria was the first woman to make a substantial contribution to the development of mathematics. According to another account (by Socrates Scholasticus) she was killed by an Alexandrian mob under the leadership of the reader Peter. According to another account (by Socrates Scholasticus) she was killed by an Alexandrian mob under the leadership of the reader Peter. Socrates, also called Socrates Scholasticus, Greek Sokrates, (born c. 380, Constantinople—died c. 450), Byzantine church historian whose annotated chronicle, Historia ecclesiastica (“Ecclesiastical History”), is an indispensable documentary source for Christian history from 305 to 439. An English translation of the pertinent extract from the Ecclesiastical History of Socrates Scholasticus, Book VII, Chapter 15, is given below.The author, Socrates Scholasticus was a 5th century Byzantine historian. Reprinted with permission from Alexandria 2 [1993, pp. 439.] THERE was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. Fordham University History Department, and the Fordham Center for Medieval Studies in Having succeeded to the school of Plato and Plotinus, she explained the principles of philosophy to her auditors, many of whom came from a distance to receive her instructions. jealousy which at that time prevailed. Hypatia was hunted down and kidnapped by a magistrate called Peter and his fellow Christians and taken to the church at Caesareum. He personally taught her in the arts, literature, mathematics, science and philosophy, pretty much everything he knew. Ecclesiastical dissensions occupy the foreground, for when the Church is at peace, there is nothing for the church historian to relate (7.48.7). Socrates Scholasticus wrote that “she far surpassed all the philosophers of her time,” and was greatly respected for her “extraordinary dignity and virtue.” [Ecclesiastical History] Hypatia’s house was an important intellectual center in a city distinguished for its learning. © Paul Halsall June 1997 Personal Details and The End. On account Yet even she fell a victim to the political The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted Socrates of Constantinople. An English translation of the pertinent extract from the Ecclesiastical History of Socrates ... Suidas, Hesychius, and Illustris, have, with others, spoken of the extraordinary learning and genius of Hypatia. Pagan Memory Calendar This is the life of Hypatia in the version by Socrates Scholasticus, told in his Historia Ecclesiastica; English translation based on the Italian version found on … Knowledge about the life of Socrates Scholasticus comes exclusively from his work Historia Ecclesiastica (Church History), which is, however, one of the most reliable works of historical writing. Christian populace, that it was she who prevented Orestes from Despite being no fan of Cyril, he does not attribute her assassination to his instigation, though he makes it clear that it happened because of his political conflict with the prefect. Socrates tells us that “they called him a pagan idolater, and applied to him many other abusive epithets. Hypatia was an associate of Orestes, the Roman political leader of Alexandria and a rival … not unfrequently appeared in public in presence of the magistrates. Socrates, also called Socrates Scholasticus, Greek Sokrates, (born c. 380, Constantinople—died c. 450), Byzantine church historian whose annotated chronicle, Historia ecclesiastica (“Ecclesiastical History”), is an indispensable documentary source for Christian history from 305 to 439. they completely stripped her, and then murdered her with tiles. halsall@murray.fordham.edu, The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is located at the History Department of  Fordham University, New York. After tearing her body in pieces, they took her mangled limbs Permission is granted for electronic copying, The current critical edition is that of Hansen (1995). Hypatia’s death marked the end of paganism and the triumph of Christianity, ... she not infrequently appeared in public in presence of the magistrates,” wrote Socrates Scholasticus, her contemporary in Constantinople. Socrates Scholasticus . Fordham University, "Medieval Sourcebook: Socrates Scholasticus: The Murder of Hypatia (late 4th Cent.) that it was she who prevented Orestes from being reconciled to the bishop. AD 350–370, d. 415) was an Alexandrine Neoplatonist philosopher in Egypt who was the first well-documented woman in mathematics. Home > Fathers of the Church > Church History (Socrates Scholasticus) > Book VII. ), from Ecclesiastical History,Bk VI: Chap. Having succeeded to the school of Neoplatonism may be described as a species of dynamic panentheism. Hypatia: An Annotated Bibliography Halsall, Paul. Her contemporary, Socrates Scholasticus, describes her in his Ecclesiastical History – There was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. Hypatia's Death . Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass 82-84). Hypatia (1885) by Charles William Mitchell. The history covers the years 305 to 439, and experts believe it was finished in 439 or soon thereafter, and certainly during the lifetime of Emperor Theodosius II, i.e., before 450. Having succeeded to the school of Plato and Plotinus, she explained the principles of philosophy to her … month of March during Lent, in the fourth year of Cyril's episcopate, under Film: Ancient document is copyright. Film: Medieval The Life of Hypatia By Socrates Scholasticus, from his Ecclesiastical History [Socrates Scholasticus was born in Constantinople c. 380, and died c. 450. Afterward, the men proceeded to mutilate her and, finally, burn her limbs. For all men on account of her extraordinary dignity and virtue admired her the more. AD 350–370, d. 415) was an Alexandrine Neoplatonist philosopher in Egypt who was the first well-documented woman in mathematics. for Medieval Studies. Cyril would need another way of getting to the prefect if he wanted to exert his power over the city as a whole, and, fatally for her, he would find it in the quiet person of Hypatia. Medieval Sourcebook, and other medieval components of the project, are located at Socrates Scholasticus was interpreted as saying that, while she was still alive, Hypatia's flesh was torn off using oyster shells (tiles; the Greek word is ostrakois, which literally means "with or by oystershells" but the word was also used for brick tiles on the roofs of houses and for pottery sherds). all the philosophers of her own time. Hypatia never married and had no children. fights, and transactions of that sort. Hypatia was an associate of Orestes, the Roman political leader of Alexandria and a rival of the Christian bishop Cyril for control of the city. Theophilus was militantly opposed to Iamblichean Neoplatonism and, in 391, he demolished the Serapeum. not only upon Cyril, but also upon the whole Alexandrian church. providing web space and server support for the project. Socrates Scholasticus, Ecclesiastical History, book 7, chapter 14 So Saint Wonderful slipped from sight, his elevation among the realms of the martyrs proving only temporary. 82-84). Socrates Scholasticus: The Murder of Hypatia (late 4th Cent.) Socrates Scholasticus’ account is the closest in time to the events and clearly states that Hypatia “fell a victim to the political jealousy which at that time prevailed”. The contemporary Christian historiographer Socrates Scholasticus described her in Ecclesiastical History: “ There was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. This happened in the Theophilus also permitted Hypatia herself to establish close relationships with the Roman prefects and other promi… in presence of the magistrates. A few years later, according to one report, Hypatia was brutally murdered by the Nitrian monks who were a fanatical sect of Christians who were supporters of Cyril. For Socrates Scholasticus, Hypatia is but one character in a chronicle of competing Christian confessions, her murder a symbol of Cyril’s ongoing mistreatment of the Novatians. Ecclesiastical History of Socrates Scholasticus. the principles of philosophy to her auditors, many of whom came The Internet Historians believe that the most dependable observation of Hypatia's life and death comes from Socrates Ecclesiastical History and the Suda (Viney). Hypatia never married and had no children. Volumes ) continues the work of Eusebius for the period from A.D. 305 to 439 ( in Greek, volumes. 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